During pregnancy, the female body will have more chances, more vaginal discharge. Hormonal content in the body is disturbed. The resistance is reduced. Therefore, pregnant women are prone to gynecological infections. Gynecological inflammation during pregnancy if not treated radicals may encroach into the fetus. This condition, if persistent, can lead to premature birth. More dangerous also cause pregnant women to have a miscarriage.
Why are women prone to gynecological inflammation during pregnancy?
There are many reasons why pregnant women are susceptible to gynecological infections. Which may include the reasons:
The vaginal environment is affected by female vaginal hygiene in the wrong way before becoming pregnant, thereby creating conditions for bacteria and vaginal fungus to grow and cause disease.
Pregnant women often produce more vaginal fluid than usual, if not regularly and properly cleaned also facilitates the growth of fungi and bacteria.
When pregnant, women’s resistance decreases compared to normal, easily causing the body to suffer from gynecological diseases or vaginitis.
Signs identify gynecological inflammation during pregnancy
Gynecological infections are general diseases of many diseases. The most prominent are the pathologies: bacterial vaginosis, vaginal yeast infection, trichomoniasis vaginitis, and vaginal strep B infection (GBS). These are also diseases with the highest percentage of women in general and pregnant women in particular.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an infection caused when too many bacteria change the vaginal balance in the vagina.
Some symptoms manifested to identify gynecological inflammation during pregnancy. About 20% of pregnant women get vaginal infections during their pregnancy
Vaginal fungal infection
The “culprit” causing vaginal yeast infection is Candida Albicans. They parasitize in parts of the skin or inside the vagina, which are part of the normal microflora in the mouth, intestines, and vagina. Normally, the acidic environment in the vagina keeps the fungus from breaking out. But for some reason the vaginal environment becomes alkaline, Candida Albicans thrives and causes vaginal yeast infection.
The cause is shared by gynecologists during menstruation; during pregnancy; taking antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and steroids; have diabetes; wash the vagina often with soap; Vaginal discharge … changes the vaginal acidity environment, which causes vaginal yeast infections to develop in women.
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection where women can cause vaginal discharge, vaginal itching, and painful urination.
Pregnant women who have Trichomonas are at a higher risk of early delivery. The symptoms of trichomoniasis are green, yellowish vaginal discharge with a slight frothy odor and odor. When sex, itching sensation, burning.
Vaginal Strep B infection (GBS)
GBS infection is the cause of urinary tract infection, wound infection, endometrial rupture, stillbirth, and premature birth. GBS is also a typical “culprit” causing neonatal infections with a high mortality rate.
Initially, the woman will feel pain and burning when going to the toilet, difficulty urinating. Opaque urine. The color of urine will be even more cloudy if the disease persists for a long time as the painful muscles will be more and more severe.
On the other side, pregnant women will also feel like urinating more, even if they do urinate very little. This feeling of waking from urination often comes at night and in the early morning, which can upset the mother’s circadian clock and interfere with rest.
From the information on 4 types of gynecological infections, which are common among women, especially pregnant women, it is possible to summarize the following “suspicious” signs for women to examine and treat promptly.
Much abnormal air discharge. Vaginal discharge may be green, yellowish, yellowish, milky white, etc. White discharge but not irritation in the vagina may be just a normal physiological vaginal discharge not is gynecological inflammation.
Itching in the vulva, vagina.
Private areas have strange smells, odors, discomfort.
Cold urine, difficult urine, cloudy urine.
Soreness during sex.
Gynecological inflammation during pregnancy can affect the fetus?
Affect with the mother
Gynecological inflammation causes uncomfortable and inconvenient symptoms that make pregnant women always in the phenomenon of anxiety, stress, fatigue affecting the health and progress of the fetus.
Pregnant women with gynecological inflammation in the first 3 months of pregnancy can cause the most dangerous fetal complications are miscarriage due to pathogens that cause infection of the amniotic membranes, affecting the process of implantation, adhesion to the wall of the uterus of the fetus.
For the fetus
Inflammation in the vagina is also a cause of growth retardation, rickets in the womb, affecting the later development of the child.
If a mother has gynecological inflammation during pregnancy, a baby who is usually born through the mother’s genitals is at a very high risk of mucositis, bronchitis, and pneumonia due to the presence of fungi and bacteria from the mother’s body right from the moment. just born.
Therefore, when you notice signs of vaginal itching, vaginal discharge with abnormal color and odor, and redness in the vagina, women should be examined and treated at a reputable specialized medical facility and substance. amount.
Gynecological inflammation during pregnancy do?
Depending on whether the gynecological inflammation during pregnancy is severe or mild, your doctor will advise you whether or not to treat it urgently. Any treatment can affect the fetus.
There are currently several medications used to treat vaginitis that has been studied and confirmed that they do not harm the unborn baby and can be used during pregnancy. However, placing the medication inside the vagina during pregnancy can cause bleeding by touching small, fragile blood vessels in the vagina and cervix. Therefore, only when necessary, the doctor will prescribe suitable vaginal medication and detailed instructions for use so as not to affect the mother and the baby.
During the last 3 months of pregnancy, when the internal organs of the fetus are relatively mature, mothers can apply some natural remedies if the gynecological infection is not known during pregnancy.
- In naturally fermented yogurt, many microorganisms provide natural anti-inflammatory substances for the body. Eating yogurt regularly helps strengthen the immune system and if there is gynecological inflammation, it is also in a mild form and quickly heals.
- Pregnant women can also use probiotics but must consult with a doctor before use.
- Eating garlic regularly with meals is also a good way to prevent and treat vaginitis during pregnancy.
- Tea tree oil also can knock down fungi and bacteria in the vagina but is easy to cause skin irritation. Therefore, women should not use more than 1-2 drops each time bathing. If irritation must stop using immediately, only using clean water to bathe.
- Do not have sex if you have gynecological inflammation during pregnancy.
- Do not use perfumed, high-pH feminine hygiene solutions to douche deep inside the vagina.
- Don’t apply unsafe, untested folk tips.
- Do not take a bath, do not use a water jet, spray deeply into the vagina to clean.
- Do not arbitrarily diagnose the disease and buy medicine for self-treatment at home without the advice and guidance of a doctor.
- The most important thing is that you need to keep the genital area clean, wear cool, 100% cotton underwear.
How to prevent gynecological inflammation during pregnancy
Gynecological inflammation can occur before, during, and after pregnancy. Therefore, the best way is to proactively prevent the risk of gynecological inflammation, make sure not to get sick before planning a pregnancy. Here is a method to prevent gynecological inflammation during pregnancy :
- Eat plenty of vegetables, drink plenty of water, eat 1 jar of yogurt without sugar every day to increase body resistance, and maintain a balance for the vaginal environment.
- Limit sugar and sweet foods. Avoid leaving your vagina in hot and humid conditions.
- Wear spacious, clean, dry cotton, sweat-absorbing cotton, change panties 2-3 times a day, avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes.
- Do not take hot showers, do not wear jeans, and do not bathe too long if you are sick.
- Avoid using soaps and strong detergents when cleaning the genital area to avoid changing the vaginal environment, allowing bacteria and fungi to grow.
- Do not use deodorant, if swimming, always remembers to wash and dry your swimwear after swimming.
- Clean the genitals cleanly after each defecation or urination with a soft, clean paper towel, gently wipe from front to back.
- Stay mentally relaxed and avoid stress because it can increase the risk of getting gynecological inflammation during pregnancy and make it worse.